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Macro y micronutrientes en el cultivo de cannabis

Cannabis, like any plant, requires a series of nutrients to be able to develop properly during all stages of its growth cycle. It is our decision to choose how to supply them, whether it is a natural organic source or some type of fertilizer.

Macronutrients  NPK

Macronutrients are essential to overall plant health.

Surely you have once seen the abbreviation “NPK(Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium), the three main nutrients, in fertilizer bottles.

Nitrogen

Nitrogen is the most abundant element in our planet’s atmosphere and it is needed to make chlorophyll in plants. This component can move around in the plant while performing other key functions such as photosynthesis and synthesis of amino acids into proteins.

We have to consider that 98% of nitrogen in soil is in organic forms and requires a series of conditions such as humidity, temperature and oxygen so that soil microorganisms can decompose nitrogen and the plant can thus absorb it.

Furthermore, an excess of water and extreme temperatures can cause nitrogen loss and, on the contrary, an excessive nitrogen load, apart from giving the plant a distinctive dark green color, can delay flower formation since chalices are not developed and only baby leaves are produced.

If you are going to use a commercial fertilizer, be careful not to overdo it since an excess will cause irreparable root burns.

In case of using an organic fertilizer, and in order to avoid damaging the roots, you must take into account that there are different substances already present in compost, such as ferments, leachate or other natural elements.

Phosphorus

Phosphorus, found on the surface in some type of phosphate, is also an essential element for life, more durable and connected with the soil and resistant to watering. A phosphate is an important structural element in DNA and RNA of living organisms and a key element to perform photosynthesis and help with the development of plant roots. During the flowering period, phosphorus levels will increase along with potassium’s following a decrease of nitrogen.

We must also be cautious if we are going to use a bottled pk fertilizer and remember that it will not always be beneficial to add more nutrients to improve plant growth since plants don’t put on weight when you overfeed them, actually you can cause an irreparable harm if you feed the plant in excess during this cycle. The fattening of the flowers will not only depend on the food they receive but also on the lumens they get. These two elements are essential to increase production and boost yields.

Potassium

Potassium is an alkali metal that our cannabis plant requires to function properly. It plays a fundamental role in flower development and an eventual deficiency can reduce the crop yield quantity.

Besides ensuring a proper fattening of your flowers, potassium is also responsible for regulating the salt levels in the plant as well as the opening and closing of stomata, which are found on the leaves and allow for gas exchange, managing the absorption of CO2.

Micronutrients

Both micronutrients and macronutrients are vital for proper development and functioning of plants. Our cannabis plant will need more than 20 to be able to get an appropriate structure, firm enough to support the weight of the future flowers.

Nature is so wise that the scarcer an element in the soil, the less the plant will need it. This is the case of minerals such as iron, boron, molybdenum, calcium, sulfur or zinc. All of them play a small but essential role.

Iron

Iron helps with the production of chlorophyll and is also responsible for many enzyme functions.

Zinc

zinc activates enzymes that are responsible for the synthesis of certain proteins and helps with internodal stretching.

Sulfur

sulfur plays a vital role in the creation of amino.

Calcium and magnesium 

Calcium and magnesium are essential for the plant in the flowering cycle.

When growing cannabis, it is vitally important, to ensure a proper development, that your plants do not suffer from nutrient excesses or deficiencies. The quality and quantity of cannabis crops may vary depending, of course, on the soil substrate used. Personally, I enrich the soil substrate by adding some selected organic waste, previously mixed in my compost bin, throughout the fall and winter, so that when it comes time to use this soil again, it is loaded with nutrients so my plants can feed on it during the vegetative stage without having to be fertilized with commercial products and only using microbes in the irrigation water once a week. Then, when the plant is reaching its flowering period, I enrich substrate with a special mix I prepare that includes mycorrhizae, trichoderma, microalgae, and other ingredients you can learn about in my article "Substratum".

Finally, I also use, at a more advanced flowering stage, cane molasses and worm humus. This will make the flowers have an unparalleled flavor: the taste of ARTISANAL ORGANIC!

I hope this article helps you to better understand the world of cannabis cultivation.

If you want to learn more about organic farming, follow me on Instagram @dra_weed

The cultivation of cannbis for personal consumption is an activity subject to legal restrictions that vary from state to state. We recommend consultation of the legislation in force in your country of residence to avoid participation in any illegal activity.

The purpose of this publication is purely informative, horizontal transfer of technical horticultural information.

Kannabia accept no responsibility for any illegal use made by third parties of information published here.

Comments

The cultivation of cannbis for self-consumption is an activity subject to legal restrictions that vary from state to state. We recommend consultation of the legislation in force in your country of residence to avoid participation in any illegal activity.

The purpose of this publication is purely informative, horizontal transfer of technical horticultural information.

Kannabia accept no responsibility for any illegal use made by third parties of information published here.

wilmer
09/02/20

Sería muy bueno que indicaras en que proporcion deben ir los micronutrientes en las principales fases de desarrollo de la planta, y cuales son esos 20
buen post :)

Pippi Kannabia
19/02/20

Gracias por tu comentario, 

la proporción de micronutrientes en las distintas fases de desarrollo de la planta pueden llegar a ser especificos (o más especificos) dependiendo de la variedad y de la tecnica de cultivo empleada. 

un saludo 

 

 

 

Fernando garcia
01/06/20

Y seria solo leyendo las plantas hasta que tenga una carencia? Realmente me gustaría proporcionar estos macro y micro nutrientes de forma separada y no comprar algún fertilizante ya envasado, quisiera comprar cada elemento por separado y proporcionárselo.  O existe alguna tabla que indique que variedad ocupa que nutriente no creo verdad?

David Kannabia
03/06/20

No existe ninguna tabla con solo lo nutrientes especificos, cada casa de nutrientes tiene su mezcla de cada uno de ellos, viene especificado en cada producto. Solo se le añade cuando tiene alguna carencia producida por el Ph, por mala filtracion de riegos, por cristalizacion de raices por exceso de nutrientes, por falta de lumenes de las lamparas, por exceso de temperatura, etc...

No hay una base especifica para todo, por eso hay que ir leyendo las hojas.